Aquarium clean up crew
A good "Clean up crew" is the key to successful aquarium management. When deciding to set up an aquarium, the first thing that comes to mind is the fish, or rather the species of fish, that we want to keep in our tank.
Most aquascapers do not divide the fish into useful and decorative ones, we are mainly interested in appearance, colour, or size. We rarely consider adding fish purely to help with the cleaning of the aquarium. In this article, we will describe the species that will help you to maintain your aquarium.
But let's start from the beginning, you probably wonder why you need a "clean-up crew" if your aquarium will have a filter with all that high-quality media. Filtration is one of the key elements of the proper functioning of the aquarium, but sometimes it may turn out to be insufficient, so it needs support, and this support is provided by shrimps, snails, and fish.
The aquarium clean up crew has a number of beneficial functions in our tank, such as:
- reducing the growth of nuisance algae
- cleaning the tank uneaten fish food
- cleaning of decaying plant matter.
Below we present to you the most useful members of any clean up crew and a little bit of information about each one.
Siamese algae eater
Characteristics: This bottom-dwelling tropical fish is found in mainland Southeast Asia.
A social fish feel best kept in a group of at least 4-5 individuals. In aquarium conditions, they grow up to 14 cm. Currently, this fish has been recognized as an endangered species.
Requirements: These are fish that grow to quite large sizes, therefore the aquarium we prefer is at least 240l, they need numerous hiding places, stone decorations, and roots. You can let them into a smaller aquarium when fighting algae, but with time, when they become larger, you should catch them because they can become territorial.
The main function in the aquarium: This fish will be perfect for an aquarium where we have a problem with algae such as: filamentous, green algae and Rhizoctonia fungi. From our experience this fish prefers these algaes before they reach full adult size. When they grow up their taste turn more into red algaes.
Characteristics: This shrimp is named after Japanese aquarist Takashi Amano who first introduced it with great success. Males grow up to 3 cm, females up to 4-5 cm. This shrimp is a peaceful species and perfect for a community aquarium.
Requirements: The aquarium for these shrimps should be quite spacious and planted with numerous small-leaved plants, mosses, and liverworts. It should have numerous hiding places. This shrimp is gregarious; therefore it would most probably feel more at home in a group of 6-8 of its own species. The water should be well oxygenated as the shrimps are quite tender.
Main function in the aquarium: We can undoubtedly confirm that this is the most diligent creature that could be in an aquarium, a group of such shrimps is able to clean the infestation of algae in one day. In addition, it eats the leftover food in the nooks and crannies, it is literally a "cleaning" shrimp because they remove dead fish from the aquarium very quickly, before the aquarium owner realizes that such a fish has died. In addition, it will work well in the initial stages of aquarium development when we are dealing with film algae or diatoms
Characteristics: Mild and companion fish growing to 4 cm. In its natural environment, it lives in the upper and central Amazon water. Can be kept in a social aquarium.
Requirements: Fish can be safely put into a 30-liter freshwater aquarium. It prefers soft water and are quite sensitive to changes in water parameters. Preferring groups, it is best to keep them in a group of at least 5 individuals. The fish likes algae, but its diet should be supplemented with dried plant based foods.
The main function in the aquarium: It is a typical algae-eating fish, thanks to its small size it effectively cleans hard-to-reach corners and leaf blades. It specializes in eating: slime mold present at the beginning, diatoms, brown algae, green algae present on the aquarium glass.
Characteristics: A vigorous, sociable fish, suitable for a general aquarium. Naturally inhabits the areas of Central and South America. They can grow up to 9 cm.
Requirements: The fish also requires well-oxygenated water, the water temperature must not be lower than 25 ° C, and there must be no sudden drop in temperature. We recommend regular water changes. A suitable aquarium for this fish is +100l which would be suitable for a small group.
The main function in the aquarium: Few aquarists know that the Black Molly is also very useful in the fight against algae just like Otocinclus and Amano shrimps. These fish are effective at removing algae such as green algae, brown algae, and diatoms. Something you may not know is that these fish also feed on cyanobacteria, which has been confirmed by a large group of aquarists. It is worth noting that cyanobacteria will be eaten more willingly by young individuals than older ones.
When deciding on ornamental fish, it is worth considering Endler's guppies because they have a beautiful coloration, but also are useful, one of their main meals is green algae.
Characteristics: Small fish, naturally occurring in Venezuela, but successfully breed in aquarium conditions. Males reach only 2.5 cm, while females 4 cm, which is why they are a very good solution for small aquariums. They live in good conditions for about 2 years, on average in lower conditions, about 7 months.
Requirements: The fish is undemanding, therefore it is considered easy to breed. Be careful with the stocking of the aquarium in which the guppies are kept. The long and colorful fins of males can become the prey of fish that like to nibble the fins of other individuals.
The main function in the aquarium: Their main advantage is their beautiful appearance and small technical requirements in the aquarium, but it is better to start with Endler guppies than, for example, Neon Tetras, because guppies also like to eat algae.
Hill Stream Loach
Characteristics: Found in Asian areas such as: China, Vietnam, Cambodia. In their natural environment, they live in areas heavily exposed to the sun, which favors the growth of algae. It grows up to 7 cm. A companion fish, territorially oriented, but you can successfully keep a few.
Requirements: This fish requires clear, well-oxygenated water that is filtered at least 10 times an hour through a filter. The aquarium must contain numerous rocks with a sand bed, the aquarium must be heavily lightened.
The main function in the aquarium: This fish is great at cleaning decorations such as stones or roots, eating algae from them, it is very good at eating green algae.
Tiger Botia and Yo-Yo loach
Characteristics:Fish inhabiting Asian waters. Both species are nocturnal, feeding at the bottom. They stick in groups with hierarchies.
Requirements: They are herd fish. The recommended amount in the aquarium is at least 5 individuals. When kept in smaller amounts, they can become skittish or aggressive towards other bottom dwellers such as Corydoras. Reticulated loaches are up to 16 cm long, while the tiger botias can be up to 40 cm in aquarium conditions.
Main function in the aquarium: Probably many of you have had a problem in your aquarium with unwanted snails? Loaches are ideal candidates for controlling the snail population in the aquarium because snails are their favorite food. Unfortunately, these fish grow very large, so they are not suitable in aquariums smaller than 120l or for the long term.
An alternative to loaches is the Assasin snail. For hunting down smaller snails, they are perfect for small aquariums unsuitable for the loaches.
Useful snails:Clinthon Corona, Nerite Snails, nertina, filopaludina sp.
Clinthon Corona: lives in the waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, it can be found on rocky estuaries. Reaches a size of 1.8 cm
Nertina: lives in fast-flowing mountain streams in Kenya, South Africa, and Mozambique.
Reaches a size of 1.5 cm to 2.5 cm
Filopaludina sp.: The largest of the mentioned snails is an expert in diatoms, a snail inhabiting Asia, reaching 3 cm in size.
Snails tolerate both cold and warm water, they move faster in warm water.
Requirements: These snails are not demanding, therefore they are recommended to beginner aquarists, but it is worth noting that with open aquariums, a situation may occur that the snail will simply go out.
Main function in the aquarium: All of the above-mentioned snails are perfect for algae in the aquarium. They reach places inaccessible to the owner and fish and clean them of algae, their favorite algae is green algae and red algae or diatoms, each of them has the same function, but in our opinion, the best decision will be to choose the clinthon corona snail, due to the fact that it is the smallest of the three shown, making it more efficient at eating algae.
Finally, a piece of short advice on the selection of a cleaning crew that we meet in practice. The majority of aquarists choose the popular "Siamese Algae Eater" as a cleaning fish, based on its name. And here we want to draw attention to the fact that in their first months of life before they reach 4-7 cm, their main nutrient is algae, but as they grow, they lose interest in algae, like most fish they prefer roots, or more precisely, humic compounds contained in the roots. In addition, these fish reach quite a significant size, most often it is 13 cm, however, there are individuals exceeding 30 cm, so we suggest you follow our guide and choose Otocinclus instead of the popular "algae eater".
To ensure a balance in your aquarium without worrying about fluctuations in water parameters, it is worth introducing into the aquarium several species of fish, shrimps, or snails described above in the article. To ensure full harmony in the aquarium, you need not only strong light, a good substrate, or efficient filtration, fish are also crucial, as they have a huge impact on the functioning of the entire aquarium. So if you do not have any of the species described in this article in your aquarium yet and you have problems with running the tank at the same time, do not hesitate to employ a "clean up crew" as soon as possible.